Discount Concepts - A for Competitive Exams Tier-I Quantitative Aptitude

Understanding types of discounts like simple, trade, cash and calculations is crucial for aspirants to score high in Tier-I Quantitative Aptitude section.

Understanding Discount - A Quantitative Aptitude Game Changer in SSC CGL

The Staff Selection Commission's Combined Graduate Level (SSC CGL) exam is an important milestone for many aspirants seeking government jobs. While all sections in the Tier-I stage pose challenges, Quantitative Aptitude is often the most feared, with its complex math concepts and problems.

However, hidden within the Quantitative Aptitude syllabus lies a potential friend for candidates - the ubiquitous yet powerful idea of Discount. Expertise in discount-based concepts and calculations can hugely boost confidence and performance in this section.

Important Details - What is Discount?

Term Definition
Discount A reduction in the original maximum retail price (MRP) of a product
Types Simple, Trade, Cash

In plain terms, a discount refers to a decrease in the standard maximum price of an item. Stores offer discounts to attract customers and increase sales volumes.

Demystifying Main Categories of Discounts

Not all discounts are created equal. Broadly, there are 3 main types candidates must know for the exam:

Important Details - Types of Discounts

Type Description
Simple Discount Straight percentage reduction in MRP
Trade Discount Series of discounts offered by manufacturers and wholesalers
Cash Discount Incentive reduction for upfront cash payment

Let's look at each discount variety and its associated calculations in detail:

Simple Discount: The Most Basic Form

As the name suggests, this is the simplest discount format where a fixed percentage reduction is directly applied on the maximum retail price (MRP) of an item to derive its selling price after discount.

Some key formulae involving simple discount are:

Important Details - Simple Discount Calculations

Purpose Formula
Finding Sale Price Sale Price (SP) = MRP - (Discount Percentage x MRP)
Finding Discount Percent Discount Percentage = [(MRP - Sale Price)/MRP] x 100

Simple discounts form the foundation for solving most discount-based quantitative aptitude problems in the SSC CGL Tier-I exam.

Trade Discount: Successive Price Reductions

Trade discounts involve multiple discounts on an item's price as it passes in the supply chain from manufacturers to wholesalers to retailers. The key aspect is that each discount applies on the already reduced price after the previous discount.

For example: A product with MRP Rs. 500 is offered 20% trade discount by the manufacturer, followed by 10% by the wholesaler. The discounts will apply as:

Manufacturer Price (after 20% of Rs. 500) = Rs. 400
Wholesaler Price (10% of Rs. 400) = Rs. 360

Therefore, Trade Discount questions test the grasp of applying successive discounts sequentially.

Cash Discount: Reward for Immediate Payment

This discount aims to incentivize buyers to make prompt payments by deducting a small percentage of the total billed amount. It is conditional upon clearing dues within the cash discount period.

Cash discounts also follow simple discount calculation principles based on the payment amount. SSC CGL aspirants must know how to incorporate this in Quantitative Aptitude problems.

Advancing Beyond Discount Fundamentals

The Tier-I exam syllabus expects more than basic discount skills. You may encounter tricky questions testing:

Important Details - Advanced Discount Concepts

Concept Description
Compound Discounts Multiple discounts applied sequentially
P&L with Discounts Clubbing discounts with profit/loss calculations
Data Interpretation Analyzing discount-related tables, graphs, etc.

You need to move beyond straightforward calculations and connect discounts with other quantitative concepts and formats.

Strategizing for Success with Discounts

Here are some tips to master discount problems in the exam:

Important Details - Tips for Success

Tactic Description
Concept Clarity Understand logic behind calculations
Extensive Practice Solve various complex problems
Mental Math Quickly calculate in head
Learn Shortcuts Save time in exam

Rather than mugging up formulas, grasp the intuitive principles behind them through reading and video lectures to build strong understanding.

Discount questions are a blessing in disguise for SSC CGL Tier-I aspirants struggling with Quantitative Aptitude. Expertise in discounts can provide a significant competitive edge. By mastering related concepts, calculations and problem-solving approaches, you can leverage this high-yield area and boost your overall sectional score.


Q1: What is the key benefit of mastering discounts for SSC CGL exam?

A1: Expertise in discounts can hugely ease the Quantitative Aptitude section, which many aspirants find difficult. It provides a major scoring opportunity.

Q2: Which discount variety involves successive reductions by manufacturers and dealers?

A2: Trade Discount involves multiple discounts down the supply chain, applied sequentially on an item's price.

Q3: What is Cash Discount?

A3: Cash Discount incentives immediate payment by offering a percentage reduction in billed amount if paid within a defined period.

Q4: What key additional concepts may be tested in discount problems?

A4: Compound Discounts, connecting Discounts with Profit/Loss calculations and interpreting Discount-related Data Interpretation questions.