Percentages for Tier-I Exam Preparation

The Staff Selection Commission or SSC conducts the Combined Graduate Level Examination every year to recruit candidates for various Group B and Group C non-technical posts in various ministries, departments, and organizations of the Government of India. The examination consists of four tiers - Tier I, Tier II, Tier III, and Tier IV.

Tier I is an objective multiple-choice exam testing the candidates on subjects like General Intelligence & Reasoning, General Awareness, Quantitative Aptitude, and English Comprehension. Out of the total 200 marks, the Quantitative Aptitude section carries 50 marks with 25 multiple-choice questions. Topics like Percentages, Ratio and Proportion, Time and Work, Time and Distance, Algebra, Geometry, Mensuration, Data Interpretation, etc. comprise the Quantitative Aptitude syllabus.

Since percentages form an integral part of many mathematical and reasoning concepts, having a strong grasp over percentages is crucial to scoring high marks in the SSC CGL Quantitative Aptitude section.

Importance of Percentages in SSC CGL Tier-I

In SSC CGL Tier-I Quantitative Aptitude section, you can expect direct questions testing your conceptual understanding of percentages. Questions may involve:

Topic Example
Converting fractions, decimals into percentages Convert 0.25 into percentage
Finding percentages Find 25% of 200
Increasing/decreasing percentages 30 is increased by 10%, find the new percentage

Apart from direct percentage-based questions, a solid grasp over percentages helps in solving problems involving:

Profit & Loss: Finding profit/loss percentage, marked price, cost price, discount percentage, etc. based on given data.

Mixtures & Alligations: Determining unknown ratio of two quantities with given concentrations to obtain final desired concentration.

Time & Work: Applying percentage concepts to calculate time taken by individuals based on their respective work rates.

Simple & Compound Interest: Using percentages to compute interest earned, principal amounts, time periods, etc.

Thus, clearly understanding percentages aids in solving not just direct percentage questions but also more complex applied problems on concepts like Profit-Loss, Mixtures-Alligations, Time-Work, and Interest.

Strategies to Master Percentages

Here are some tips to develop a strong command over percentages for SSC CGL Tier-I preparation:

1. Brush up the basics: Revisit basic percentage concepts like converting fractions, decimals into percentages and vice versa. Understand percentages greater than 100%.

2. Learn formulas and shortcuts: Memorize important percentage calculation formulas. Learn shortcuts to find percentages quickly like finding 25% by dividing by 4.

3. Practice solved examples: Practice a variety of percentage questions from previous SSC CGL papers. Refer to study guides for step-by-step solutions.

4. Attempt mixed question sets: Attempt sets having direct percentage questions mixed with applied problems on Profit-Loss, Mixtures, Time-Work etc.

5. Focus on accuracy: Don't make silly calculation errors in easy questions. Double check percentages derived. Avoid approximating.

6. Time yourself: Practice sets within exam time limits to work on speed without compromising accuracy.

A combination of conceptual clarity and regular practice will help you master percentages and their applications for SSC CGL Tier I exam.

Sample Percentage Questions

Let's look at some sample percentage questions for SSC CGL Tier-I practice:

Q1. The price of sugar was increased by 20%. By how much percent should a housewife reduce the consumption of sugar so as not to increase the expenditure?

A. Originally, if consumption was X kg and price was Rs Y per kg, expenditure was Rs YX.

After increase, price became 1.2Y and expenditure 1.2YX.

To keep expenditure same as earlier, consumption should be X/(1.2) = (100/120)X = 5/6X.

So consumption should reduce by (X - 5/6X)/X = 1/6 = 16.67% approx. 17%.

Q2. A shopkeeper purchased 150 meters of cloth for Rs 45,000. He sold 100 meters of it at a profit of 20% and the remaining cloth at a profit of 25%. His total profit percentage is:

A. Cost price of 150m cloth = Rs 45,000

CP of 100m cloth = Rs 30,000

SP of 100m cloth = 1.2*30,000 = Rs 36,000

Profit = SP - CP = Rs 6,000

CP of 50m cloth = Rs 15,000

SP of 50m cloth = 1.25*15,000 = Rs 18,750

Profit = Rs 3,750

Total Profit = Rs 6,000 + Rs 3,750 = Rs 9,750

Overall Profit Percentage = (Profit/CP) x 100 = (9,750/45,000) x 100 = 21.67% approx. 22%

Practicing such mixed question sets will build your percentage aptitude and also expose you to the diversity of questions asked in SSC CGL Tier-I exam.

Tips for Maximizing Percentage Proficiency

Here are some bonus tips to maximize your learning for percentages in SSC CGL preparation:

- Practice every day: Solve at least 10-15 percentage questions daily. Consistency is key.

- Take mock tests: Write full mock tests periodically to test your percentage proficiency under exam conditions.

- Focus on accuracy: Avoid silly calculation errors especially in easy direct questions.

- Learn from mistakes: Note down mistakes made in tests, understand where you went wrong.

- Clear your doubts: Discuss with mentors if you have any conceptual doubts in percentages.

With regular practice, strong conceptual clarity, application-based aptitude, and avoidance of silly errors, you can definitely master percentages for SSC CGL Tier I and unlock one of the highest scoring topics in the Quantitative Aptitude section.


Percentages form an integral part of the SSC CGL Tier-I Quantitative Aptitude syllabus. A strong conceptual grasp over percentages, honed through extensive practice, is key to attempting both direct percentage-based questions as well as complex applied problems correctly. By following a strategic approach focused on understanding concepts clearly, memorizing key formulas and shortcuts, solving previous years' questions, and constantly analyzing and improving one's accuracy, one can achieve robust command over percentages for maximizing scores in this high-yield topic.


Q1: How are percentages applicable in various topics of SSC CGL Quantitative Aptitude?